Many swine breeds are farmed all over the world. Each breed is known for some distinctive physical trait or production standpoint. However, Black and white markings are by far the most popular trait among swine breeds. Marked with beautiful black and white spotting, these pigs are everyone’s favorite.
Most people are familiar with the usual white and pinkish pigs, but black and white pigs remain lesser-known, here are some of the black and white pig breeds for you to know.
Black And White Pig Breeds
- Aksai Black Pied
- Angeln Saddleback
- Ba Xuyen
- Cinta Senese
- Lithuanian Native
- Bentheim Black Pied
1. Aksai Black Pied
Aksai Black Pied is known for its distinctive black and white pattern. Uneven black and white patches spread all over the body give this black and white pig breed a unique look.
Hailing from Kasalenki state, the breed was first developed in 1952 on experimental and training farms as a meat production pig. The breed was improved after crossing with Landrace boars, North Caucasians, and Large White pigs.
Aksai Black Pied has a stocky body, big muzzle, and twisted tail. Feature a beautiful creamy coat with uneven black patches.
This is a general-purpose breed raised to support commercial pig meat production.
Counted among the famous pig breeds, Berkshire is prized for its sweet demeanor and delicious meat. Berkshire also goes by the name of ‘Lady’s pig’ for being an excellent ‘starter pig’.
The breed was originated in Berkshire, the place pig named after. Some historians believe the breed to be as old as 300 years. After World War II, this breed fell out of favor as there was less demand for lard pigs.
As the world embraced fatty, tender meat again, Berkshire popped right back in the scene. However, the breed saw a decline in population due to neglect and was listed as vulnerable in 2008.
Berkshire is a medium-sized pig breed with a black coat and six white markings, white socks, a white splash on the snout, and a white tip to the tail.
This lard pig is raised for its flavorful, richly marbled, and high fat content meat.
Recognized for their erect ears and black body with a white belt, Hampshire is a domestic swine breed developed in the United States. Often termed as beginner-friendly hog breed for people new to the breeding and butchering industry.
However, the breed was developed in the US, it was dubbed as ‘British Native’ as the breeding stock was imported from Wessex, UK in 1832. Being one of the oldest American breeds, the history of Hampshire dates back to the 19th century.
Hampshire hogs arrived in the United States between 1825 and 1835 from Hampshire County in England. This breed is called “Thin Rinds” because of the abundance of thin meat.
This fine-coated breed is black with the white saddle; the white belt present in the middle, covering the front legs.
Hampshire is raised as a terminal sire to increase primal yield. This is a heavily muscled, lean meat breed raised for its high-quality pig meat.
4. Angeln Saddleback
Angeln Saddleback or known as the Angler Sattelschwein is a rare domestic pig breed that originated in Germany. This breed is characterized by a black coat with a white belt around its body at the forefeet.
The breed is originated and grown mainly in Angeln, a region of northern Germany. Angeln Saddleback was bred after the crossing of black and white Landrace pig with a Wessex Saddleback pig. It was officially recognized as a breed in 1937.
By the 1950s, this breed had taken a significant share in the meat market. In modern times, the breed fell out of demand for being too fat for the consumers making them nearly extinct.
This is a large pig breed, lop-eared, with a black coat and a white belt around the body. Adult boars usually weigh 300 to 350 kgs.
Best suited for outdoor management and extensive pig farming system. Turned down for their fatty meat, the sows are highly fertile and known for their milk-producing capabilities.
5. Ba Xuyen
Ba Xuyen is a domestic swine breed known for its beautiful black and white marking. Black spots splashed on a white coat make a pleasing sight. This breed is believed to be the combination of French and Chinese swine from composites of the Craonnais or Bo Xu.
Ba Xuyen is a Vietnamese domestic breed found mainly in South Vietnam along the Mekong River delta. The breed was developed by crossing the Berkshire Pig with the Bo Xu. Ba Xuyen has influences of Chinese pigs as well imported from China in the early 1900s.
This Swine breed has a short body, medium-sized ears, enamel-coated teeth, small legs, and black and white spots on the body.
Raised or farmed for meat production.
Bazna goes by many other names such as Basner, Porcul de Banat, or Romanian Saddleback. The breed is famed for its characteristic white belt around the black body and the ability to adapt to any conditions.
Bazna was first developed in 1872 when Berkshire was crossed with a Mangalitsa. This Romanian pig breed was further improved and homognised by crossing with Berkshire boars imported from England. Yorkshire and Sattelschwein, Wessex, and Hampshire also had significant influence in breed development. Bazna got the status of distinctive swine breed in 1958.
Bazna pigs have medium withers height, body structure favoring fat meat production, slightly concave profile, horizontally placed ears, and short, wide neck.
Farmed for producing fat-based cured meat.
Read complete guide on Black Iberian Pigs
7. Cinta Senese
This Italian domestic pig breed is known for its glossy black skin with contrasting white bands. The so-called ‘Cinta’ around the neck has become a mark of identification for this swine breed. The distinctive white stripe over the dark coat is called cinghiatura, running all around the withers, shoulders, and forelegs.
Hailing from the province of Siena, in Tuscany, central Italy, the breed is well adapted to Tuscany lands. Forerunner of all Tuscan Pig breeds, Cinta Senese’s ancient origin is evidenced in a well-known painting of 1340 by Ambrogio Lorenzetti.
The breed was nearly extinct after World War II due to the popularity of more productive and prolific breeds. Though the recent number has witnessed an upward curve, the population remains low.
Cinta Senese has a medium-sized body, light but a solid skeleton, white stripe, medium head, forward placed ears, and thin but solid limbs.
This Italian swine breed has lean yet tasty pork meat. Farmed mainly for meat production.
Essex is another black and white pig breed originating from the United Kingdom. After careful natural selection, this breed appeared in the UK. Prized for its famous white sheet across the black body, the Essex breed is indeed beautiful.
The breed was originated and developed in the county of Essex by cross-breeding the local stock of wild pigs. Once the breed was developed, it was later improved by crossing with imported pig breeds in the mid 19th century.
This Swine breed remained popular till the mid-1950s and the population was increasing after World War II. In 1955, a report issued by the Advisory Committee on the Development of Pig Production stated that pig farmers should concentrate only on these three breeds; the Welsh, the Landrace, and the Large White.
Essex is a relatively small pig breed with pricked ears and a solid black coat with a broad white band across the shoulder.
Primarily raised for an extensive pig farming system.
9. Lithuanian Native
As per the historians, Lithuanian Native is one of the oldest pig breeds in Europe. It is a black and white pig breed with uneven black markings on a white coat. These distinctive black and white spots give it a unique look.
Native to the ethnic lands of Lithuania, that’s where the breed took its name from. Lithuanian Native is believed to be developed and influenced by the crossing of local short-eared and long-eared pigs, and some cultural breeds. This black and white pig breed were later improved with the introduction of many other bloodlines.
The defining features of Lithuanian Native are wattles on the neck and uneven black spots. This breed has multiple color variations; variations include black-and-white, ginger, black, and tri-colored.
Kept, raised, and farmed for meat.
10. Bentheim Black Pied
Bentheim Black Pied or otherwise known as Schwarz-Wesses or Buntes Bentheimer Schwein is a German rare domestic breed. Known for large black spots over the white coat, Bentheim Black Pied is one of the most beautiful pig breeds.
The breed hails from Bentheim, Germany, and its history can be traced back to the early 20th century. The breed was developed when the local pig stock was crossed with Berkshire and Cornwalls. Bentheim Black Pied risked extinction back in the 1950s and now listed as a rare breed with around 100 registered breeding animals.
The breed is medium-sized and lop-eared. The distinctive trait includes black markings.
Farmed for pig meat production
Lastly, black and white marking does not give these breeds an edge over others, it’s just distinctive physical traits.